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On July 28, 2021 if all goes well, Peru will inaugurate its new president. If all goes well because after the second round of the elections, on June 6, the contestation of the results means that the National Electoral Tribunal has not yet formalized the victory of Pedro Castillo. Despite the protests of the opposing camp, the candidate of the Peruvian radical left seems to have won according to the final count.
→ The site Elections in Peru
This will allow us to focus on its program and, through this program, to describe in detail the state of the Peruvian economy. A Peruvian economy that experienced thirty years of uninterrupted growth before everything collapsed with the Covid-19 pandemic. The economic crisis shattered the country’s apparent success, and exposed the gaping flaws in its system.
What happened for thirty years? What were the recipes applied by the different governments? A great mining power, has Peru managed not to depend on its mineral exports? Has growth made it possible to reduce poverty and to bridge inequalities? And what was the exact impact of the pandemic? Will Peru recover quickly from the current crisis? These are some of the questions that will be raised during this program and which will be answered by the three guests here.
– Javier Herrera is an economist, research director at IRD, the French Research Institute for Development that he represents in Peru. Javier Herrera has long worked in Cameroon, Benin, Senegal
– Marie-Esther Lacuisse is a researcher associated with IHEAL-CREDA, the Research and Documentation Center of the Americas
– Gaspard Estrada is the executive director of OPALC, the Political Observatory of Latin America and the Caribbean at Sciences-Po.
► The pandemic has plunged more than 3 million additional Peruvians into poverty. As a result, a third of the population now lives below the poverty line, or on less than $ 100 per month. And it is the Limenians who are the most affected by this degradation: the poverty rate in the Peruvian capital fell from 14% before the pandemic to 27.5%. Thousands of families are now struggling to eat and have found themselves frequenting soup kitchens, the number of which has exploded in recent months, especially on the outskirts of Lima. It’s a report Eco from here Eco from elsewhere signed Wyloën Munhoz-Boillot.
► If his victory is confirmed, Pedro Castillo, the candidate of the radical left, will be the new president of Peru. He will take up his duties on July 28, 2021. This teacher from the Andes is a mystery. He always appears wearing a wide-brimmed white straw hat, typical of the Cajamarca region where he is from. He ran under the banner of Peru Libre, a Marxist-Leninist party with an anti-liberal roadmap. Its program includes the nationalization of companies exploiting strategic resources. Although he has moderated his remarks in recent weeks, Pedro Castillo remains very vague on the policy he would implement in economic matters. Let’s go see what it is with this report Eco from here Eco from elsewhere signed Wyloën Munhoz Boillot.
► Mining is one of the few sectors whose activity has not been interrupted during the pandemic and the successive lockdowns in Peru. And yet, when we look at the areas with the highest poverty rate, the 5 regions at the top of the ranking are all home to major mining projects (Huancavelica, Ayacucho, Pasco, Huánuco and Cajamarca) and have some of the highest budgets in the world. country. So how do you explain this paradox? It’s a report Eco from here Eco from elsewhere signed Wyloën Munhoz Boillot, who visited the region of Cajamarca in the Andes, north of Lima.